What is Ulcerative Colitis?
Otherwise known as colitis ulcerosa, ulcerative colitis is one of the major inflammatory bowel disease, the other termed as Crohn’s disease, which affects the intestine and colon which is characterized by ulcers in these areas.
The amount of sulfate-reducing bacteria present in the colon is significantly increased leading to toxic concentrations of hydrogen sulfate gas. Signs and symptoms will depend on the severity of the condition. Usually, the affected individual experiences sudden diarrhea which continue for weeks. The disease is accompanied with weight loss, anemia, loss of appetite, rectal bleeding upon examination, dehydration, joint pain and distinct levels of abdominal discomfort from being mild to being very painful abdominal cramping in response to bowel movement.
Treatment plan is individualized since the severity of disease and the level of involvement differ from patient to patient. The plain is focused on bringing remission by pharmacological intervention, adhering to maintenance medications to prevent reversion of the condition. The first target is relief from symptoms and healing of the mucosal lining of the colon, followed by long-term management. Drugs which are often used are anti-inflammatory drugs, aminosalicylates, corticosteroids and immunomodulators. Hospitalization of the individual means that the symptoms are severe enough such as in cases where patient experiences severe bleeding and severe diarrhea leading to dehydration. Few patients must undergo surgery to have their colons removed due to considerable bleeding, serious disease colonic rupture, possible colon cancer or when all medical and non-invasive treatments have failed to address the condition. Proctocolectomy is the surgical removal of the colon and rectum which can be followed by ileostomy and ileoanal anastomosis.
Pictures of Ulcerative Colitis
Photos, Images and Pictures of Ulcerative Colitis…