What is Hemophilia?
Scrapes and bumps are all a piece of life as a child. With most children, a erratic kick in a soccer game, or a tumble off of a bike means just a heal scab or a temporary bruise. But for some children with hemophilia, the traumas of a child are a reason for concern.
Hemophilia is a very rare disorder of bleeding that stops blood from properly clotting. Approximately one in every 5000 boys is born with hemophilia. Girls are rarely affected by this mainly genetic condition as it is linked to gender.
The blood in humans contains proteins that are special and are called clotting factors. Clotting factors aid in stopping bleeding and also allow the blood vessel to repair after a trauma. The very last step in the process of clotting (called coagulation) is the development of a “net” which closes the blood vessel which is torn and thus stops the bleeding.
Symptoms of Hemophilia
When babies with hemophilia start cruising and crawling, the parents will see raised bruises on the chest, buttocks, back and stomach. Often since these bruises appear in unlikely areas, parents start to be suspected of abuse of a child before the child is actually diagnosed with hemophilia.
Most babies may be fussy and may not walk, crawl or reach for a cup. Other symptoms include:
- Excessive bleeding from a bite on the lips or tongue
- Prolonged nosebleeds
- Excessive bleeding after a tooth extraction
- Blood in urine
- Excessive bleeding after surgery
The common bleeding in those with hemophilia involves joints and muscles. A child with hemophilia will decline to move the muscle or affected joint because of swelling and pain. Recurring bleeding of the joint often can lead to damage which is chronic.
Images, Pictures, Photos, Pics of Hemophilia…