What is Dyshidrosis?
Dyshidrosis is a dermatologic condition characterized by the presence of tiny fluid-filled blisters occurring on the hands or feet. The condition is otherwise known as dyshidrotic eczema or pompholyx. Dyshidrosis is not at all contagious nor life-threatening but the patient can become prone to developing infections if the dermatosis is left untreated.
The blisters in dyshidrosis have the following characteristics:
- Bumps are tiny, only about 3mm in diameter
- Bumps appear on the tips and sides of fingers and toes, as well as on the palms or soles
- Blisters can be extremely itchy or even painful, but can also show no symptoms at all in certain cases.
- Blisters worsen after coming into contact with irritants such as soap or water
- Once blisters are scratched or broken, a fluid can be found to released from the vesicles and the affected skin becomes cracked and dry
The specific cause of dyshidrosis is unknown but the condition can be triggered by stress or allergies. Infections such as fungal infections can also bring about the development of the fluid-filled vesicles.
Dishydrosis can be treated through a number of means. Medications used for the condition are both topical as well orally administered in order to target the symptoms. Corticosteroid ointments are a type of topical drug used to lessen the inflammation and blistering of the skin. This also addresses the cracking and drying of the affected skin. Antihistamine drugs such as Benadryl or Claritin are taken by mouth to eliminate the itching.
Nonpharmacologically, the itching and irritation of the skin can be helped through applying a cold compress on the affected sites. To reinforce the treatment regimen, the patient must avoid allowing skin irritants such as dishwashing soaps, detergents, or perfumed hand lotions from coming into contact with vulnerable skin surfaces.
Images, Photos and Pictures of Dyshidrosis…