Diseases & Conditions Rashes Syndromes Skin Conditions


Dandruff is a chronic condition of the scalp which is very common. It is known by flaking of the skin of the scalp as well as itching. Dandruff is not serious nor is it contagious but it can be very embarrassing and often complex to find a successful treatment. There is also a more serious form of dandruff which is known as Seborrheic dermatitis.

For adults as well as adolescents, the symptoms of dandruff are very easy to see as they consist of oily looking flakes of skin that is dead and that dot the hair and shoulders. These flakes are usually white.

Symptoms of Dandruff

  • Plaques over large area
  • Skin lesions
  • Skin scales – flaking and white, or yellowish, oily dandruff
  • Greasy, oil areas of skin
  • Itching
  • Hair loss
  • Redness which is mild

Dandruff is believed to be due to over production of oil in the skin as well as an irritation from a form of yeast known as malessizia.

Dandruff seems to run in families. Fatigue, stress, weather changes, skin which is oily, infrequent shampooing or cleaning of skin, skin disorders such as acne, obesity as well as lotions which contain alcohol all may amplify the risk.

Some neurological diseases, such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease and head injury can be linked to dandruff. The HIV virus also has been linked to increased cases of Seborrheic dermatitis.

Complications of Dandruff

  • Secondary fungal or bacterial infections
  • Low self esteem, embarrassment as well as psychological distress

Dandruff prognosis is that it is a life-long chronic problem that is able to be controlled with treatment. It has periods of inactivity followed by extended flare-ups.

Pictures of Dandruff

Pictures, Photos, Images of Dandruff in humans, Pictures of Dandruff scalp, in cats, dogs, mild, severe dandruff pictures…

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