What is a Lupus Rash?
The lupus rash is a skin condition associated with the presence of the autoimmune disease called Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). As an autoimmune disease, SLE does not usually present itself with a predictable set of symptoms in each of the patients suffering from it, but its distinctive rash remains as a consistent sign in most SLE patients. The lupus rash appears on areas of the skin which receives the most exposure to sunlight, such as on the face. It is also known as a “butterfly rash” for the shape it assumes as it is spread horizontally across the patient’s cheeks and nose.
Lupus Rash Symptoms
The lupus rash has the following features:
- It is shaped similarly to a butterfly, extending across the face, over both cheeks and over the bridge of the nose
- May be bright red in color or pink
- Usually becomes more visible after sun exposure
- Lasts for several days
- May be itchy
Lupus Rash Causes
Lupus is an autoimmune inflammatory disease which means that a patient with the illness has antibodies that are faulty and attack the patient’s own tissue because they mistakenly identify these as foreign and unfamiliar. The reactions that the antibodies make start up an inflammatory response, causing swelling and tissue damage to organs as well as to the skin. The rash in SLE patients is a result of the inflammatory process in combination with an abnormally increased sensitivity to the heat of the sun.
Lupus Rash Treatment
The lupus rashes are primarily treated through the topical application of skin creams such as corticosteroids and antimalarial drugs like hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine. However, treatment should be halted if adverse effects start to take place.
SLE patients with rashes should always put on sunscreen with high SPF values before getting exposed to sunlight.
Pictures of Lupus Rash
Photos, Images and Pictures of Lupus Rash…