What is Hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus, also termed as hydrodynamic disorder of CSF, is described as an interruption in the formation, flow and absorption of the CSF fluid. Normally, cerebrospinal fluid acts as cushioning substance of the brain. But when its volume is increased, it causes harmful pressure on the brain. Hydrocephalus can be categorized into two, namely, congenital hydrocephalus and acquired hydrocephalus.
Hydrocephalus in infants may be due to congenital malformations, birth injury, bacterial meningitis and viral infections. In children and adults, brain hemorrhage and brain tumor are the primary culprits. Head injury and meningitis can also lead to this condition.
Signs and symptoms of this condition include abnormal enlargement of the head, separated sutures, projectile vomiting, convulsions, severe headache, loss of appetite, mental confusion and deterioration, loss of sense of balance and urinary incontinence.
Treatment for hydrocephalus is aimed at reducing and preventing further brain damage by correcting the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. The obstruction, if possible can be surgically taken away. To circumvent blockage and drain excess cerebrospinal fluid, surgical insertion of a shunt is needed. This drainage tube will permit the excess fluid to flow into a vein in the neck ito the bloodstream and lastly into the abdominal cavity where the fluid is reabsorbed. If the patient is an infant, the shunt is needed to be changed periodically as child grows faster in this stage. If patient shows signs of infection, antibiotics are prescribed. For severe infections, it might be necessary to remove the shunt.
Pictures of Hydrocephalus
Photos, Images and Pictures of Hydrocephalus…