What is Herpes Simplex?
Herpes simplex is a viral infection caused by the herpes simplex virus that can cause either affectation of the oral region, the genital region, or both. The disease is contagious and can be transmitted through direct contact with infected lesions or body fluids, as well as through sexual contact with an infected individual. Herpes simplex is a potentially life-threatening condition especially in newborns or in persons with compromised immune systems.
Herpes Simplex Symptoms
Genital herpes is typically asymptomatic, but when symptoms do occur manifestation include the presence of clusters of blisters and lesions on the external genitalia.
Oral herpes sores have the following characteristics:
- Tiny and fluid-filled
- Usually appear on and around the mouth, but can also be spotted on the gums, tongue, or the inside of the cheeks
- Can be painful and itchy
- Blisters eventually ulcerate and crust over
In addition, oral herpes also exhibits the following symptoms:
- Gums become swollen and inflamed, may also bleed
- Lymph nodes in the neck are swollen and painful
- Fever and fatigue
- Body pains
Herpes Simplex Causes
Herpes is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). The virus is passed through contact with infected lesions and body fluids; genital herpes in particular is passed through sexual contact. women in particular are more prone to getting the virus, and individuals who practice sexual promiscuity are also more likely to contract the disease.
Herpes Simplex Treatment
A cure for the virus is yet to be found, however, sores can usually heal on their own without treatment. Medications can be taken to treat the symptoms. Antiviral drugs such as acyclovir, famciclovir, and valacyclovir are types of prescription antiviral medicines that come in both topical and oral forms to help with the symptoms of herpes.
Herpes Simplex Pictures
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