Canavan disease is an inherited, rare, neurological condition distinguished by degeneration which is spongy in the brain – white matter is substituted by fluid filled microscopic spaces. It is believed to be the results of an insufficiency of the enzyme known as aspartoacylase. Canavan disease is in a group of disorders which are genetic and called leukodystrophies which affects the growth of the myelin sheath of the nervous system fibers of the brain. The myelin sheath is the covering which is fatty and covers the surrounding of the cells of the nerve which act as an insulator.
The symptoms and signs of the disease normally start in infancy; but the track of the condition may vary considerable. Young babies with Canavan disease usually seem normal for the few first months of their life. By three to five months, these infants will begin having issues with development which can include an impediment in motor skills like sitting and turning over. These young babies normally as well have muscle tones which are weak, head size which is increased, posture which is abnormal as well as mental retardation. Swallowing and other feeding problems, sleep disturbances as well as seizures can also increase.
Canavan Disease Symptoms
- Degradation of motor skills
- Mental retardation
- Difficulties of feeding
- Muscle tone which is abnormal
- Head control which is poor
- Abnormally enlarged head
- Hearing loss
Canavan Disease Pictures
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