What is a Bunion?
It is a bony bump which is abnormal and develops on the top of the joint at the big toe base. This joint of the big toe becomes large, causing this toe to push up adjacent to the additional toes. This applies pressure on the joint of the big toe, pushing on it to form outward past the profile of the foot and it causes a lot of pain.
These bunions can develop for numerous reasons, but walking in shoes that are too tight is a common reason. Bunions may also be caused by structural defects which are genetic, any stress on the foot or a health or medical problem for instance arthritis.
Normally, the treatment will involve very conservative steps which can include padding the bunion, changing shoes as well as wearing inserts in the shoe. Cases of bunions which are severe can need surgery.
The symptoms and signs of bunions can include:
- A bump is bulging on the outside at the base of the big toe
- Redness, soreness or swelling around the joint of the big toe
- Skin thickening at the big toe base
- Calluses or corns which grow where the 1st and 2nd toes overlap
- Intermittent or persistent pain
- Movement of the big toe which is restricted
The pain of a bunion may vary from very mild to quite severe, frequently causing it to be hard to wear your normal shoes. Also the deeper tissue and the skin around the bunion can become inflamed as well as swollen.
The other toes also can be involved by any bunion because of the pressure from the large toe pushing in toward them. The toenails also may start to grow into the side of the bed of the nail. The toes which are smaller also may become claw-like or bent which is known as hammertoes.
Photos, Images and Pictures of bunion…